Born in 1955 in Moscow. In 1978, graduated with honours from Lomonosov Moscow State University (degree in Mathematical Economics). PhD in Economics from the Central Economic and Mathematical Institute of the Russian Academy of Science in 1981. Dr. habil.
Worked for the Central Economic and Mathematical Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, Energy Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Science. Since 1992 lead the Center for Energy Efficiency (CENEf) and since 2009 is the head of Center for Energy Efficiency – XXI (CENEf-XXI).
In 2007, was awarded Nobel Peace Prize (as a member of IPCC). In 2000, was awarded Climate Technology Leadership Award for his contribution to the capacity building for energy efficiency policies in Russia.
Dr. Bashmakov is a key Russian expert in energy efficiency policies in all sectors of economy; climate change; modeling and projections of global and Russian GHG emissions; GHG emission reduction strategies. Areas of expertise include Russian and global energy development projections; benchmarking energy efficiency and energy sector development in Russia against other countries; development and implementation of national, regional, and municipal GHG emission control and energy efficiency policies; housing&utility sector reform; economic and financial analysis and monitoring of energy efficiency projects; projections of power and heat markets development.
A key developer of the Russian national programme 'Energy conservation and improving energy efficiency to 2020'; Report to the Russian State Council Presidium 'On the environmental development in the Russian Federation in the interests of future generations' (2016); and the 'Long-term low carbon development strategy of the Russian Federation to 2050' (2019). Author and coauthor of more than 30 books and two hundred articles.